When we grow to produce flowers, fruit or vegetables, there are many variables that we must be considered to grow plants more efficiently as possible. Whatever your intention is, I will explain you what are the 5 best ways to grow huge plants and to obtain huge yields.
It is a huge player in the metabolism and general vigour and structure of your plants. There are two groups of nutritional elements known as micro and macro. The micro elements consist of the primary nutrients of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium and are most commercially known. However, there is a list of trace elements, which must be available and in balance with the growth of the plant at a molecular level.
These macro or trace elements as they are known consist of Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, Zinc, Sodium, Manganese, Sulphur and Copper. Make sure your grow medium has a healthy balance of micro and trace elements, so it will allow your plants to grow with true vigour and abundant growth.
As covered above, the grow medium should contain all the fundamental building blocks the roots need to absorb food from. Not only, you want to consider a grow medium that is airy, light, excellent water retention as well as a high drainage capacity. A great tip here is to customise your own grow medium by being conscious of the nutritional side as well as the texture of the medium.
A very user-friendly and organic medium consists of coco, worm castings, perlite, vermiculite, dry seaweed and some added compost. As far as drainage and the consistency of the medium, the coco, perlite, vermiculite will allow air pockets throughout the pot, while the worm castings will mix into a smooth blend that can be given molasses and other carbon based liquid feeds.
There are different techniques that are classed under low stress or high stress. Low stress technique happens when the plant is tied down using string. This encourages the canopy to grow wide and bushy with multiple main shoots growing from the top of the canopy. One more low stress training is to pinch the tops of the grow tips to allow two new shoots to emerge. Another technique is quite like pinching the tops, yet you will want to remove 75% of the top shoot.
High stress techniques are a trickier because it requires the snapping of the cell walls. This can be done by simply applying pressure, with your finger and thumb, press until a popping sensation can be felt and heard. The inner cells walls will now repair themselves with a calcified knuckle where the original break took place. This technique is called super cropping and it is very useful, as the plant will send natural growth hormone throughout the itself to repair breaks.
The complexity and integrity of a root zone is often overlooked because we only see what is above the grow medium. As we go deeper into the medium, you will notice a network of root hairs and beneficial bacteria working together in a symbiotic relationship. A big root zone allows the plant to be feed at a maximum capacity. The role of the beneficial bacteria is to break down nutrients in the medium and to breakdown food into smaller sized chelated proteins.
Seaweed is an excellent nutrient for the promotion of large roots as they contain cytokinins and natural growth regulators. Felt pots is another excellent way to allow the roots to breathe. They will naturally prune themselves, which will allow the roots to extend and increase its root zone.
We all know how plants use sugar to convert it into energy. Blackstrap molasses refers to a press sugar cane resulting into dark, shiny and thick texture rich in mineral like carbon and residual sugars. Molasses are naturally high in Potassium and Calcium, which are two essential elements for the plant to grow strong cell walls and build up defences against insects and fungus. Beneficial bacteria feed on carbon which allows them to convert food for the root zone. By adding molasses to your nutrient solution, it will dramatically increase your final weight of your fruits and vegetables.
In conclusion, as an indoor or outdoor grower, you need to consider many things. They are all as important so to neglect one will only cause an issue to your garden. By maintaining a well-balanced and organic grow medium, your plants will be as healthy as possible.
It is well recommended to learn about microbiology if you want to understand how the earth and the plants communicate with one another.
Maximum Yield. Beneficial Microbes. https://www.maximumyield.com/definition/3192/beneficial-microbes
Way To Grow. 5 Things You Need To Know About Beneficial Bacteria. https://goo.gl/W42ETX